6.2.8 Allegations Against Prospective Adopters and in Relation to Children Placed for Adoption or Already Adopted
SCOPE OF THIS CHAPTER
This procedure applies where allegations are made or suspicions are raised that approved prospective adopters have caused Significant Harm to a child. It also applies where allegations are made by or in relation to a child placed for adoption or a child already adopted and in receipt of adoption support services. It may relate to recent abuse or neglect or historical abuse
The procedure should be read in conjunction with the Northamptonshire Safeguarding Children Partnership Procedures Manual, Managing Allegations Against Adults who Work with Children Procedure.
This policy should be read in conjunction with the Northamptonshire Safeguarding Children Partnership Procedures Manual, Managing Allegations Against Adults who Work with Children Procedure, a process which is managed by the Designated Officers. In particular where the Designated Officer has made the decision that a Joint Evaluation Meeting should be convened.
The Joint Evaluation Meeting plans the response to the allegation against the adult and considers the Section 47 progress, the police investigation progress and any employer/disciplinary process.
In circumstances where the Strategy Meeting takes precedence, the primary focus will be the child, but it is necessary to recognise that information and judgements about the adult who is subject of the allegation may need to be made as soon as possible, so the Joint Evaluation Meeting can bring together all strands of the allegation inquiry.Therefore, where decided appropriate, the Joint Evaluation Meeting and subsequent process may run concurrently with the Strategy Discussion and S47 Enquiries.
All children are entitled to the same level and standard of protection from harm including those receiving services from statutory or other agencies. For this reason, enquiries and investigations relating to children in receipt of such services must be dealt with under the principles, policies and procedures of the Northamptonshire Safeguarding Children Partnership's Inter Agency Procedures.
Allegations or suspicions that a prospective adopter has caused Significant Harm or that a child placed for adoption or already adopted and in receipt of adoption support services has suffered Significant Harm to a child will be investigated thoroughly, speedily and sensitively under those procedures and will involve open and honest communication with and support to all those affected.
Historical allegations by children placed for adoption or already adopted and in receipt of adoption support services should be responded to in the same way as contemporary concerns. It will be important to ascertain if the person about whom the allegation is made is currently working with children and if that is the case, to consider whether the current employer should be informed.
Clear timescales will be integral to the procedure and those involved must avoid delay unless there is good reason. There will be clarity regarding access to reports and documents relating to the investigation.
Where allegations are made in relation to prospective adopters, the welfare and safety of all children in the prospective adopters' household, and children with whom the prospective adopters may have contact, must also be considered during any Section 47 Enquiry.In relation to any allegations made, it is important to note that, although there may be insufficient evidence to support a Police prosecution, this does not mean that action cannot be taken to protect a child nor, for example, that the termination of a prospective adopter's approval cannot be considered.
The expectation is that:
- At the time of a child's placement, prospective adopters will be provided with detailed information as to the child's background and in particular the context of any abusive experiences of and/or previous allegations made by the child - see Placement for Adoption Procedure;
- All prospective adopters will receive preparation and guidance to help them provide a safe environment for the child and all members of the adoptive family;
- All prospective adopters will have received information about this procedure and the Northamptonshire Safeguarding Children Partnership's Inter Agency Procedures.
In addition, in relation to the Adoption Service, it is an expectation of the Adoption National Minimum Standards 2011 that:
- A senior manager within the Adoption Service is identified to be the designated allegations manager who liaises with the Designated Officer (formerly LADO) in all cases to which this procedure applies and manages the allegations process;
- All staff within the Adoption Service are aware of the requirements of this procedure, including the role of the Disclosure and Barring Service.
3.1 Initial Action
Any person who receives information or suspects that a child has suffered or is suffering Significant Harm in an adoptive placement or during an introduction to an adoptive placement must immediately inform the child's social worker.
On receipt of any such information, the child's social worker must immediately:
- Inform his or her line manager and Service Manager;
- Inform the prospective adopter's link worker and his or her manager;
- Inform the Designated Officer (formerly LADO) who will follow the required procedure (Northamptonshire Safeguarding Children Partnership Procedures Manual, Managing Allegations Against Adults who Work with Children Procedure) to decide whether the criteria for convening a Joint Evaluation Meeting are met and the Designated Senior Manager so that a decision can be made as to whether the matter should be treated as a child protection matter and referred for a Strategy Meeting (see below) or a concern about standards of care, in which case the convening of an urgent Placement Planning Review Meeting - see Placement for Adoption Procedure - or an urgent review of the adoptive placement should be considered - see Adoption Reviews Procedure.
N.B. If there are serious and/or multiple referrals about standards of care, it may still be appropriate to refer the matter for a Strategy Meeting for a full investigation.
The prospective adopter's link worker will:
- Inform the designated allegations manager within the Adoption Service - see Section 2, Introduction; and, in consultation with the designated allegations manager;
- Inform the social workers for any other child in the placement;
- Inform any other local authority with an interest in the adoptive placement;
- Provide support to the prospective adopter.
Where it is appropriate to treat the allegation/suspicion as a child protection concern, the child's social worker will be responsible for initiating the Northamptonshire Safeguarding Children Partnership Inter Agency Procedures in relation to the allegation/suspicion, unless the prospective adopter lives in another local authority area, in which case the child's social worker will make a referral to the relevant local authority and that local authority will be responsible for implementing their own Northamptonshire Child Protection Procedures Manual Procedures and inviting the child's social worker and adopters' link worker to the Strategy Meeting.
In either case, a Strategy Meeting and/or Joint Evaluation Meeting will be convened as soon as possible after concerns have been identified and within a maximum of 2 working days of the referral.
Any action to protect the child in question or any other children in need of protection should not be delayed because of the Strategy Meeting or Joint Evaluation Meeting.
Prior to the Strategy Meeting, the prospective adopter's link worker should notify the Regulatory Authority of the allegation/suspicion and invite them to be represented at the Strategy Meeting and Joint Evaluation Meeting, if one is to be held.
N.B. Where a child who has already been adopted but is still in receipt of adoption support services makes an allegation of abuse, including where the allegation is of historical abuse, this must be referred to the child's social worker/adoption support worker, who will take the action set out below or, as appropriate, make a referral to Children's Social Care Services for the area where the child lives in order that the relevant LSCP procedures can be followed.
3.2 Strategy Meeting
The purpose of the meeting will be to plan the investigation of the allegation/suspicion.
The following people will be invited:
- The Designated Officer and the Designated Senior Manager;
- The child's social worker and his or her manager;
- The manager of the social work team undertaking the investigation, if different;
- The prospective adopter's link worker (who will liaise as necessary with the designated allegations manager within the Adoption Service - see Section 2, Introduction);
- The Police Child Abuse Investigation Team;
- Any other agency involved with the child or adoptive family;
- A representative of the Regulatory Authority;
- A minute taker;
- The child's Independent Reviewing Officer;
The Strategy Meeting must consider:
The items below marked with (*) will also be discussed at, if not solely the responsibility of, the Joint Evaluation Meeting, if the Designated Officer decides that one should be held.
- (*) The current allegation and how it is to be investigated;
- (*) Whether there should be a concurrent police investigation;
- (*) Any previous allegations or concerns about the prospective adopters and the outcome of previous investigations;
- (*) Any previous allegations made by the child in question and the outcome of previous investigations;
- (*) The suspension of introductions or whether the child should remain in placement whilst the investigation is carried out;
- (*) The need to call an urgent placement planning review meeting - see Placement for Adoption Procedure - or an urgent review of the adoptive placement - see Adoption Reviews Procedure - and the timing of any such review;.
- The safety and well being of other children living with, or having contact with the prospective adopters;
- (*) A referral to the Disclosure and Barring Service for inclusion on the Children's Barred List. This should be considered whenever a carer is suspended from their duties;
- Support to be offered to the children in the family during the investigation;
- (*) Who will inform the prospective adopters of this meeting?
- (*) Who will support the prospective adopters through the investigation process?
- Contact and information to be given to the parents of the children concerned; how and when this should be done.
Whether or not the Strategy or Joint Evaluation Meetings consider that the allegation or suspicion has any foundation, the matter should be investigated unless there are exceptional circumstances, and the Regulatory Authority must always be kept informed.
The Chairs of the Strategy and Joint Evaluation Meetings should ensure that the minutes of both meetings contain clear action points, clear timescales for completion each action, who is responsible for the completion of each action and the date of the next meeting.Copies of the decision sheet and the minutes from the Strategy Meeting should be held on the child's file and Adoption Case Record and the decision sheet and minutes of the Joint Evaluation Meeting held with the prospective adopter's Adoption Case Record.
3.3 Investigation and Action
The actions agreed at the Strategy Meeting and/or the Joint Evaluation Meeting should be implemented by those responsible within the agreed timescales.
If the person raising suspicions or making the allegation wishes to remain anonymous, these wishes should be respected.
Unless there are circumstances when the details or nature of the allegation cannot be shared immediately, the prospective adopters should be advised of the allegation as agreed at the Strategy and Joint Evaluation Meetings and of the process to be followed in the investigation, including the possibility that an Initial Child Protection Conference may be convened in relation to their own children, subject to the outcome of the investigation.
Depending on the level and nature of any concerns and whether they are immediate, the prospective adopters may be given the opportunity to respond to the allegations before any final decision is made about necessary action to protect the child and other children in the household. Such protective action may include asking the person against whom the allegation has been made to leave the household while the investigation is conducted.
Any decision to suspend the approval of the prospective adopter while the investigation is being conducted should be communicated in writing to the prospective adopter by the Adoptive Service Manager.
Those supporting the prospective adopters must contact the prospective adopters as soon as practicable after they are made aware of the allegation, and explain their role. They must make clear their responsibility to report to the local authority, the Police and in some circumstances to the Court if any information relevant to the investigation comes to their attention.
They must provide to the prospective adopters:
- A copy of this procedure and the relevant Northamptonshire Child Protection Procedures Manual procedures;
- Advice about consulting a solicitor and obtaining independent support;
- Advice about insurance arrangements for legal expenses.
Where the prospective adopters are in receipt of financial support, they should be informed of any implications for the payment of such support, where placements have been suspended.
If an Initial Child Protection Conference is convened, the Conference Chair must be consulted in advance to discuss whether the prospective adopters should be invited to attend. In any event, the prospective adopters' views must be obtained for and communicated to the Conference.
3.4 Concluding the Investigation
A Strategy Meeting may be reconvened to conclude the investigation just as there may be more than one Joint Evaluation Meeting.
The purpose of any further meetings will be to agree on the outcome of the investigation and responsibilities for any further action, including the need to call an urgent review of the adoptive placement - see Adoption Reviews Procedure and reporting on the matter to the Adoption Panel - and the need to make a referral to the Disclosure and Barring Service for inclusion of the person on the Children's Barred List.
The Strategy or Joint Evaluation Meeting will also have determined, if appropriate, who will contact the prospective adopters, informing them of the outcome of the investigation.
The Strategy or Joint Evaluation Meeting will also have made a decision, where appropriate, as to by whom and when the child, the parents, other relevant agencies and the Regulatory Authority (if not in attendance) will also be informed of the decisions made.
A report should be presented to the next available Adoption Panel. As well as the investigation, the report should, if appropriate and relevant, address the ability of the approved adopters to help come to terms with past events and to handle future behaviour, and whether the proposed placement or placement continues to be suitable. The procedure to be followed will be the same as for reviews of prospective adopter's approval - see Assessment and Approvals of Prospective Adopters Procedure.
The social worker preparing the report should consult with the Panel Adviser to the Adoption Panel and the Chair of the Adoption Panel who will advise on who should attend the Panel meeting (usually the child's social worker and the prospective adopter's link worker) and whether or not a special Panel meeting should be convened.
Any allegation made against a prospective adopter or a member of the household and how it was dealt with and decisions made should be recorded on the prospective adopters' file and retained for 100 years after the adoption order is made or if no adoption order is made in accordance with local policy: adoption support agencies should have written procedures for dealing with allegations of historical abuse which may be made by service users during the course of service provision.
All relevant documents in relation to the Strategy Discussion(s) and any subsequent investigation under S47, whatever the outcome, must be retained on the child's file and similarly the full record of all Joint Evaluation Meetings to include all actions should be held on the prospective adopter's file, and their respective Adoption Case Records.
Consideration should be given to holding a debriefing meeting for all involved as to the impact of the allegations and the investigation, whatever the outcome, and any necessary assistance should be made available as necessary.